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Order Your Fish with Confidence: A Croatian-English Fish Glossary

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Ordering the right fish can be a linguistic challenge, with most Croatian words bearing little resemblance to their English counterparts. Help is at hand with this useful glossary. 

A lot of pointing goes on at fish restaurants in Hvar. The names for fish in Croatian bear little resemblance to those in English, and communication between waiter and customer often breaks down over fish names. Added to the confusion is the rich collection of dialect words for fish. 

Some help is at hand, and many thanks to Vivan Grisogono for compiling this very useful glossary of fish names, which should prove of some assistance to some of you. 

ANĆUGA – ANCHOVY

BARBUN – STRIPED, RED MULLET

BLATAR – STRIPED, RED MULLET

BODEC CRVENI – GROUPER

BRADAVČICA – STRIPED, RED MULLET

BRANCIN – SEA-BASS, SEA-PERCH

BRBAVICA – WARTY VENUS

BRGLJICA – ANCHOVY

BUKVA – BOGUE

BUTURAC – TURBOT, BRETT, FLOUNDER

CIGANIN – JOHN DORY

CIP – STRIPED BREAM, MARMOR BRASSEN

CIPAL BALAVAC – THIN-LIPPED GREY MULLET

CIPAL BATAŠ – GREY MULLET

CIPAL ZLATAR – GOLDEN GREY MULLET

CRLJENAK – GROUPER

CRNOREP – SADDLED BREAM, BLACK-TAILED SEA-BREAM

ČEŠALJ – SADDLED BREAM, BLACK-TAILED SEA-BREAM

DAGNJA – MUSSEL

DORINKA – GROUPER

FRATAR – TWO-BANDED BREAM

GAVICA – SPRAT

GIRA – PICAREL

GIRA ATLANTSKA – CURLED PICAREL, ATLANTIC PICAREL

GIRA OŠTRULJA – BLOTCHED PICAREL

GLAV – BOGUE

GLAVOČ ZLATAC – GOLDEN GOBY

GLAVOČ BLATAR – BLACK GOBY

GLAVOČ PLOČAR – GIANT GOBY

GLIBAVAC – STRIPED, RED MULLET

GLISTAVAC – CONGER EEL

GOF – AMBERJACK, YELLOWTAIL

GRDOBINA MRKULJA – MONKFISH, ANGLERFISH, SEA DEVIL, ABBOTT

GRDOBINA ŽUTKA – FROGFISH, BLACK-BELLIED ANGLER

GRUG – CONGER EEL

INĆUN – ANCHOVY

IGLUN – SWORDFISH

IVERAK – FLOUNDER, FLUKE

IVERAK ZLATOPJEG – PLAICE

JAKOVSKA KAPICA – SCALLOP

JANDORGA – FLOUNDER,FLUKE

JESETRA JADRANSKA – ADRIATIC STURGEON

KAMENICA – OYSTER

KATARINČICA – SPRAT

KIRNJA – GROUPER

KIRNJA DUGULJA – STRIPED, GOLDEN GROUPER

KIRNJA GLAVULJA – STONE BASS, WRECKFISH

KIRNJA GOLEMA – DUSKY GROUPER, DUSKY PERCH

KIRNJA ZLATICA – GREY, WHITE GROUPER

KIRNJA ZUBUŠA – DOGTOOTH GROUPER

KOMARCA – GILTHEAD SEA-BREAM

KOVAC – JOHN DORY

KOZICE – PRAWNS (SHRIMPS)

KUĆICE – SHELLS

KUNJKA – NOAH’S ARK

KURCILJ – ANCHOVY

LAMPUGA – COMMON DOLPHINFISH

LIGNJA – SQUID

LIST – COMMON (DOVER) SOLE

LOKARDA – SPANISH MACKEREL

LOKARDICA – ATLANTIC MACKEREL

LUBIN – SEA-BASS, SEA-PERCH

LUC – BONITO, SKIPJACK TUNA

LUC – ATLANTIC LITTLE TUNA

MALE KAPICE – SCALLOPS

MINĆUN – ANCHOVY

MODRAK – BLOTCHED PICAREL

MOL – HAKE

MORINA – GROUPER

MORSKI PAS – SHARK

MORUNA – GREAT STURGEON, BELUGA

MURINA ŽUTOŠARKA – MORAY (EEL)

MURINA CRNJKA – BROWN OR SPOTTED MORAY

MUŠULA – NOAH’S ARK

OBLIĆ – TURBOT, BRETT, FLOUNDER

OĆADA – SADDLED BREAM, BLACK-TAILED SEA-BREAM

ORADA – GILTHEAD SEA-BREAM

ORHAN – AMBERJACK

OSLIĆ – HAKE

OVČICA – STRIPED BREAM, MARMOR BRASSEN

PAGAR – SEA-BREAM

PALAMIDA – PELAMID, BELTED BONITO

PAPALINA – SPRAT

PAS BUTOR – TOPE, SCHOOL SHARK

PAS MODRULJ – BLUE SHARK

PAS TRUPAN ŠILJOKRILAC – SANDBAR SHARK

PASTRUGA – STARRY STURGEON

PASTRVA MORSKA, P.JADRANKA – SEA TROUT

PASTRVA DUZICASTA – RAINBOW TROUT

PAŠARA – FLOUNDER, FLUKE

PETROVO UHO – SEA EAR, ABALONE

PISTAĆ – SPRAT

PLAĆ – COMMON (DOVER) SOLE

PLAT – TURBOT, BRETT, FLOUNDER

PLOCA – FLOUNDER, FLUKE

PRNJAVICA – WART VENUS

PRSTACI – RAZOR SHELLS

RAK – CRAB

RUMBAČ KVRGAŠ – TURBOT, BRETT, FLOUNDER

RUMENKA – ABALONE, SEA SNAIL

SABLJAK, SABLJAN – SWORDFISH

SALPA – GOLDLIN, BAMBOA FISH

SARDELIN – SPRAT

SARDON – ANCHOVY

SARPELICA – SPRAT

SIPA – CUTTLEFISH

SKUŠA – ATLANTIC MACKEREL

SRDELA – PILCHARD, SARDINE

SRDELA GOLEMA – GILT, ROUND SARDINE

SRDJELICA – SPRAT

SVETI PETAR – JOHN DORY

ŠARAK – SPRAT

ŠANPJER – JOHN DORY

ŠKALJAŠ – CONGER EEL

ŠKAMPI – SHRIMPS (SCAMPI)

ŠKARAM – EUROPEAN BARRACUDA, SPET

ŠKARPINA – GROUPER

ŠKOLJKA – SHELL; CLAM, MUSSEL

ŠNJUR GOLEMI – ATLANTIC JACK, BLUE JACK MACKEREL

ŠNJUR PUČINAR – MEDITERRANEAN HORSE MACKEREL

ŠNJUR ŠIROKI – HORSE MACKEREL, SCAD

TRAGALJ – BLOTCHED PICAREL

TRILJA – MULLET

TRLJA BLATARICA – STRIPED, RED MULLET; GOAT FISH

TRLJA KAMENJARKA – STRIPED, RED MULLET; SURMULLET

TRUP PRUGAVAC – BONITO, SKIPJACK TUNA

TUNJ – TUNA, ATLANTIC BLUEFIN TUNA

UGOR – CONGER EEL

UŠATA – SADDLED BREAM, BLACK-TAILED SEA-BREAM

ZUBATAC – DENTEX, DOG’S TEETH

ZUBATAC KRUNAŠ – PINK DENTEX, DOGSTEETH

There is an excellent authoritative work in Croatian on fish in the region, including translations into twenty different languages, as well as photographs. Sva Riba Jadranskog Mora (All the Fish of the Adriatic Sea) was written by Neven Milišic and published by Marjan Tisak in 2003, (ISBN 978-953-214-406-2), with a second part to this work was published in 2007, ISBN (978-953-214-408-6). With thanks to Vivian Grisogono.

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